Piece of Berbera History: Reer Ahmed Nuh Ismail

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Ahmed Nuh Ismail
Ahmed Nuh Ismail (Somali: Reer Axmed Nuux, Arabic: أحمد نوح ) is a Somali clan. It is a sub-clan of Sa’ad Muse,
Habar Awal, Isaaq. They mainly inhabit Hargeisa and its surrounding countryside in present day Somaliland. Ahmed
Nuh has a rich history spanning over many centuries. It is evident in the old quarters of Berbera as the majority of
those buildings are traced back to Ayala Ahmed. These historical facts are documented in the writings of early
Europeans, Arabs, and/or Orientals who explored the region. For instance, Richard F. Burton wrote:

“Ayyal Ahmed Nuh established originally at Berberah.”[1]

Early life in Berbera

Berbera lies on the Red Sea in what currently known as the Republic of
Somaliland- though it is not officially recognized. Trading season was between October and March and sheep was exported to Arabia.[2]

“Berbera was the scene of very annual fair where caravans from interior met Arab and Indian merchants”.[3]

The Ogaden caravan from the south and the Harar caravan from the west were the regular patrons of the fair. In the other six months, the port was deserted due to the rough and strong monsoon winds of the summer. Ayala (Progeny) Ahmed Nuh had a contact with the foreign traders, Arabs and Indians, at the Berbera and thus acted their agents and brokers or abbans. The commerce, at this port city, involved trading beads, glass, cotton, silk, hardware, Dates, rice, sugar, and tea brought by sailors and the sheep, cowhides, ghee, goatskins, aloes, ostrich feather, ivory, frankincense, and gum Arabia of
Somali tribesmen from interior.[4]

Consequently, Ayala Ahmed Nuh accumulated a wealth and became less dependent on the nomadic life style prevalent in the region. Ayal (Progeny) Ahmed Nuh were the Protectors of the ancient port city of Berbera, whereas Ayal Yunis were of Bulhar.[5]

The majority of duties and Abban (Protector) fees at Berbera port for centuries went to the former. Once one of the Ayala Ahmed poets touted:
Eglan iyo Shawaa Dahabkayaga laga amaahdaaye
Ustaraaliyaa noo jirraban adhexda jiilaale[6] Omer Ustareeliye(Somali)

Our gold reserves are traded in England and Shoa (Ancient city in Ethiopia)
We derive an investment income from Australia as well in the dry season

Another instance, a poet of Ayala Ahmed Nuh bragged the family’s sociability and courtesy when he said:
Sidii naylo goosana raggaa gobalba meel aaday
Baan guud soohanlow gacal wadaagnaaye (Mohamed Bulhan, Somali Poet)

Salan Carabey, an ancient poet from Habar Jeclo, once teased them in involving Dates Trade in one of his poems:
Dunjiga Nuux Ismaciil tashiga daah laga saarye
deegaa Reer Axmed wiilashii timirta dhiiqaayey (Meaning: in that land of Ahmed Nuh, guys get satiated with Dates)
Dibna hadal ka yimid baa Cag-geel loogu dow galaye
Nimanyahow tolnimo waa dugsiye dunida jeedaasha [7]

As the Britain occupied Aden, the trade at Berbera became valuable, and Ayala Yunis declared themselves to be the sole brokers or Abbans during the fair. This precipitated a war between Ayala Yunis and Ayala Ahmed. The former sought a help from the Majerten tribe, whereas the later formed alliance with Musa Areh clan, Garhajes and drove out the Ayala Yunis to Bhulhar where they established a prospering trade. In 1847 the Essa tribe slaughtered some women and children of Ayala Yunis and this incident prompted a peace between the Ayala Nuh Ismail.[8]

Ottoman Empire Era

 Ottoman Empire oversaw the coastal cities in the northwestern Somalia from late 1500s to mid-1800s, including Berbera and Zayla. Direct administration had been usually conducted by the local tribes under minimal Ottoman Empire intervention. Thus, Ayala Ahmed Nuh managed the Berbera affairs. From 1870, the Egyptians occupied the region for the Ottoman Empire and raised its flag in Berbera.[9]

Ayala Ahmed Nuh had a memorable history in this period of time. An example of this was the incident where Habar Yonis launched an attack on some members of Ayala Ahmed Nuh and forcibly took herds of their camel. Some Ayala Ahmed Nuh sought to counterattack and regain their livestock, but the majority concluded that the matter be referred to the authority, Ismail Pasha Khedive, the Governor of Ottoman Empire in Berbera. In a meeting between him and Ayala Ahmeds, Cag-geel eloquently explained the incident to khedive in combination of Somali and broken Arabic which impressed all even today:

Acdaynay Arligii                                            Adeecnay Amarkii
Wa bardoo maafish ammaan                    Oridaa abkiyeysa
Ee ibilkeedii la qaaday                                 Anta naasii miyaa
Arkab haadal khuyuul                                 Amsik haadal jimaal
Am saafir Aroorta                                         Aan Somali is eednee
Anfac shay, anfac shay                                Yaa Sheekh[10]

أطعناإلأمره                  We Accepted your authority
وبرده مافيش ألأمن        And still there is no security
زوجاث يبكون              House wives are weeping Their camel have been taken
أنته ناسى                      Are you not paying attention
إركب هداخيول              Ride those horses
إمسك هداجمال               Return these herds of camel
أم ساقربكره                  Or else leave tomorrow
ونحرب ألصومأل           So we can fight with Somali clans
إقعل ألشي                    Do something, do something
يأ شيخ Oh                  Sheik

The Governor understood and assured him that the authority would resolve the matter to their satisfaction and the camels would be returned.

The Governor understood and assured him that the authority would resolve the matter to their satisfaction and the camels would be returned.
Wacays Hirsi, one of Ayala Ahmed Nuh, was a trader engaged in selling merchandise bought at Berbera fair in the Ogaden land with the help and protection of a local broker from Ogaden clan. He was termed as Caravan Trader in the Somali Poetry, a book written by I. W. Lewis & B. W. Adrzejewski. Matan Hussein, of rival section of Ogaden clan to that of Wacays’ agent, robbed and looted one of Hirsi’s caravans in about 1880 en route to Ogaden territory. This trio exchanged a number of poems concerning this incident. Wacays Hirsi started the series in lamenting a poem to his Ogaden agent

Dawlooy be’eey Reer Ugaas nalagu dayn waaye
Hadduu duubigii noolyahay nalama danqaabeene
Dagdagle iyo nin diihaal qabaa dawga soo mara e
Imikay da’daydee rogaal daba mareysaaye
Imikay ilaalada u diri dooxyaddii Herar e
Imikaa nirgaha loo dalqamin dayrcadkaan dhaqay e
Imikaa markaha laga dafsiin Deero iyo Laan e
Imikay min weyn soo dugsiyi Dahabadaydii ye
Dil miyaan ku sugi xoolo waa dooga soo baxay e[11]
Wacays Hirsi

Alas, authority is shaken, the royal lineage could not save us
Had that great man lived, none would have dared harm us
Only the meanest creature would travel such a weary road
My age now weave back and forth in battle
And now they are sending out scouts to Herar valley
And now my baby camels will suck their Mam
Deero & Laan are filling full the milking pails
And my beloved wife will come to my side
Am I waiting here to be killed; stock can be easily replaced like growing grass

In response to Wacays, the agent recounted what had been done to recover the properties in a poem, and later Wacays countered that with another of his, picturing the scene of the looting, which prompted an angry poem from the Protector, depicting Wacay as a greedy person

Hal aad tidhi Wacaysow nafbaa kaa halaanhalin e
Oo hee dheh Herar waa la geyn hadal xumaantaase
waaatay haleeladu dartaa haro ku oodnayde
Hubka maanu dhigin jeerohoon heley waxaagiiye[12]
Protector’s reply

Your words are meaningless wrung from your soul by fear
Remember that these ill-spoken words will be carried to Herar
Your camels were already penned by lake
Nor we laid down arms until your property has been recovered

Moodkayga oo dadan miyaan weerer lagu miisin
Meeshii intii timid miyaan maro maro u qaadan
Murqufkii ka soo hadhay miyaan lagu muraadaysan
Ma makaawigaygaan Garduur lala mushaaxaynin
Ma Mataankan xidhan baan dartii loogu mari waayin
Nin majiirta oo kaca miyaan magane loo waayin
Naftu inay macaan tahay anaa kuu markhaatiyah e
Meeshii mildhaawe leh rag soo kula masaal ma aha[13]
Tiiqtiiqsigii Wacays(Wacay’s Rejioner)

Was not my property attacked as it was lay safe and hidden
Did not each of those who came seize cloth apiece
Were not even last remnants taken and abused
Was not my necklace worn brazenly in Garduur
Was this Mataan wearing my necklace too much for you
Could not you find a man who confront Mataan
Of course life is valuable and I agree that with you
But where terror dwells are not all men the same

Hadduu duubigii lumay rag baa dagalladii yaale
Waa taan dar xidhan kaaga dhigay haradda Doolloode
Dad abaal ma gudo waxaad se tahay dagayow Iidoore
Waxaad dooni een daar ahayn duga e yaa sheega[14]
Protector’s answer

If our leader is dead, then there are others in his place
Already I have exclusively secured Doollo area for your trade
But debts of gratitude are never honored; and you are merely an Idore
Who could imagine what more you may want, unless perhaps town property

Finally, the looter, Mataan Hussein, justified his action in the following poem:

Shanta reer e Bah Xawaadleh waa kala shisheeyaane
Ha yeeshee shaf iyo gawrac way kala shishlaadaane
Rag baan sharad ku beenaynayee kuma shiddeeyeene
Labadeenna oo shaariknaan shuqul xumaadeene
Haday sharaf lahaayeen beryaan soo shafeecsadaye
Adaan shayadii kuu huree sharac Allee qaado

The five families of Bah Hawaadle are remote from each other in descent
So also the rump and neck yield meat of a different quality
Had I not sought to show how empty were the pledges of certain people, I should not have molested you
And if the two of us had been partners the matter would not have turned out ill
Your necklace is indeed beautiful, and I enjoyed my share of its splendor
But now I surrender it to you, in God’s justice take it

British Colonial Era

The encounter between Ayala Ahmed Nuh and the British Empire occurred well before the Colonization of Somaliland in 1884 and Occupation of Aden, Yemen in 1838. The Britain had a presence in India from 1773 and was run by the East India Company, collection of British traders, which eventually paved the way for its colonization. This exposed the Berbera port and its annual fair to the Britain.

Prior to 1884

A British ship (British Brig Marianne) was looted and attacked at the Berbera port in 1827, and two of its Lascars (Indians or Arabs) were killed. A war ship was sent to Berbera port to impose a blockade and punish the Ayala Ahmed for this outrage, and no fair took place in Berbera that year. On 6th Feb 1827, a Treaty of peace and commerce (No. XCIX), containing 5 articles, was signed by Ayala Ahmed elders with the Britain:[15]

Articles of Friendship and Commerce made between J.J. Gordon Bermer, Captain of Majesty’s Ship Tamar and the Sheiks of Habr Owul.

  1. It agreed that there will be peace and friendship between the subjects of His Majesty the King of England and the Sheiks of Habr Owul tribe and their men, and all other inhabitants of the coast of Africa over which they have authority and influence.
  2. It is agreed that any vessels bearing the English flag…shall not be molested or injured, but shall receive every protection…from the said Sheiks.
  3. . It is agreed that any vessels or persons belonging to the said Sheiks of Habr Owul shall receive protection and support, and be treated in all respect at the ports belonging to His Majesty.
  4. It is agreed that …by the said sheiks Habr Owul…the sum of 15000 Spanish Dollar, or produce to the same amount, in 3 equal payments (1827,1828,&1829) be paid to J. J. Gordon Bermer before the conclusion of trading season in the month of April.
  5. The Sheiks of Habr Owul hereby agree to pay asum of Dollars for the support of the families of the murdered men according to Mohamedian law in such cases.
  • On the part of Ayala Ahmed, this treaty was signed by Ismail Gella, Omar Khadum Hussein Buun, and Ismail Goled. It was approved by Bombay Government on May 10, 1827.[16]

Another incident occurred and outraged the Britain on April 18, 1855 in the port of Berbera. An expedition team was looted and attacked. Two British Officers were injured, one was murdered, Lieutenant Stroyan, and their entire properties were taken. Ou Ali the person committed the murder took a refuge within the Esa Musa tribe. A demand was made on Habr Awal to surrender the culprits of this crime and another blockade was imposed on Berbera. Later when the British Government became convinced the elders had done enough, the blockade was withdrawn and a
Treaty (No. C.), containing 6 articles, were executed on Nov 7, 1856. It was signed in the presence of B. L. Playfair and contained that Aw Ali be delivered, free trade with vessels carrying British flag be allowed, traffic in slaves be abolished in their territories, sub-tribe Esa Mosa be banned coming to Aden as long as sheltering Aw Ali, and British
Agent who might be appointed be treated with respect. The signatories on the part of Ahmed Nuh were: Ahmed Ghalid, Mohamed Wais, and Muggan Mahomed. There were also three Ayala Yonis, three Makahil, and one Ayala Hamood who signed this treaty.[17]

1884 and beyond

The Mahdi uprising in Sudan forced the Egyptian rule to cease and withdrew their troops from Berbera. As 90% of the meat supplies to Aden Garrison were coming from the port of Berbera, Britain took control of Berbera and prevented a vacuum by signing treaties with local Sheikhs [18]

A provisional agreement termed as Non-cession of Territory except to British Government was signed by the Habr Awal elders on July 14, 1884 at Berbera as the His Highness the Khedive was about to leave the region. This treaty was subject to revocation or modification, and it contained 5 articles of which Article I paving the way for its colonization.

Article I. The Habr Awal do hereby declare that they are pledged and bound never to cede, sell, mortgage, or otherwise give for occupation, save to the British Government, any portion of the territory presently inhabited by them or being under their control.[19]

This was the first of a series of treaties the Britain signed with the rest of tribes in the region, and the majority of signatories to this one were Ayala Ahmed: Abdillahi Liban & Jama Yonis (Ba-aila or Bacaylo), Said Gulaid & Awad Ali (Bhanders or Bahindhayaro), Ubsiyeh Jama & Awad Liban (Baho), Elmi Farah & Yaseen Umer (Ba Eysa Musa or Baciise Muse). The rest of the signatories were from Ayala Shirdon, Gaddid, Hosh, Makhail, Hamod, and Esa Muse. On the British side, F. M. Hunter, Political Resident at Aden, signed the agreement. The final version of this treaty was signed on March 15, 1886 and the territory officially became under the protection of Her Majesty the Queen- Empress. The Ayala Ahmeds who signed this version, along with the others, were: Elmi Hundullay, Mohamed Liban, Hassan Ali, Jama Yunis (all of the Ba Aila), Saeed Nur, Omer Mohamed, Gaila Farah, Yusuf Farah (all of Bo Ho), Farah Nalaya, Saeed Goolade, Warsama Elmi, Dohir Samater (all of the Bandeira), Yassen
Omer, Elmi Farah, Abduulah Kabille, Mohamed Hassen, Elmi Dubla Arrare (all of Ba Aysa Musa) [20]
Almis Oral Poetry

Almis, a small mountain north of the city of Hargeisa, was the resort area where Ahmed Nuh had a good part of his life. Thus, Almis become affiliated with his history and that of his lineage. In this poem or suugaan in Somali language, Omer Hussein Australia bragged his family’s position in the community:

Ingiriis macaan iyo Tolnimo nagamu muuneyne
Mayal Adag haddii aanaan lahayn namabuu
baadeene
Mushahar kama qaadaneen Miiska gaalada e
The colonial England did not crown us because of kinship or kindness
Had we not possess a bold determination we would haven’t been paid extortion
Funds nor we would have commanded a stipend in the colonial Roster

Mohamed Bulhan described the conflicts and wars that ruined the clans’ relationships in his poem known as Daldhameeye (The entire land) and was trying to bring about peace and harmony. It is one of the valuable pieces in the poetry of peace in Somali. He started with the following lines and in it mentioned a man called Bullaaleh:

Burhaan gabay Bullaalow beryahan beeg isma lahayne
Waataan ka baalidey sidii beeyo roob helaye
Xaluun baa habeenkoo badh tegey buun la ii tumaye
Aan beyamiyo waataan tixaa buuni ku ahaaye
Nuux Maxamed waatuu is-bulay beri colowgiiye[21]

Oh Bullaale recently I intended not to say a poem
I deserted it as like a livestock received rain
Just last night when half of it gone a horn was blown for me
Let me announce it, here are the lines to which I am a scholar
The Noh Mohamed killed each other when they were in conflict

Omer Hussein (Australia) exchanged many series of poems with different poets hailing from different clans. Once Heebaan of Essa Musa clan narrated a poem claiming the city of Berbera and threatening Omer’s family:

Sitiinkiinan soo hadhay intaan sahayda loo miisin
Ee laydin saafurin ka hadha Saaxil murankeeda.
(Heebaan)
Before the remaining sixty of you given their rations
So you would be thrown out, you better give up Sahil

Haddii Ciise Musaba Berbera caawa iga yeeshay
Iyaba waa cashiga aakhir seben camalladiisiiye
(Omer Australia)
If Essa Musa claims Berbera Ownership tonight and excluded me
Indeed that is a sign indicating the demise of this world.

Waxad sulubki Heebaan tidhaa saacaddaad aragto
Weliba waa sideed goor intaad nagu sinbaadheene
Hub samayso maantaan la baxay sumuci gaabnaaye
(Omer Australia)[22]

Family Lineage Tree

Sheik Isaaq
*Awal Sheik Isaaq
**Subeyr Awal
***Musa Subeyr
****Sa’ad Muse
*****Isaaq Sa’ad
******Abokor Isaaq
*******Hussein Abokor
********Jibril Hussein
*********Ismail Jibril
**********Nuh Ismail
***********Ahmed Nuh(Reer Axmed)
************Jibril Ahmed (Son of Ahmed)
************Osman Ahmed (Son of Ahmed)
************Jama Ahmed (Son of Ahmed)

Notable Ayala Ahmeds

  • Ibrahim Abdillahi, an administrator in the Egyptian Rule at Berbera[23]
  • Mohamed Bulhan an ancient poet
  • Omer Hussein Ustareeliya, another 1900s poet
  • Aw-gaas Jama Samatar Hildeed, Sheikh/Awliyo and Chief Islamic Magistrate during the British era. Worked alongside the British Government as well as warned them about “Mad Mullah” which led to his arrest. “If you don’t arrest him now you will go very far to get him” he told the British Government.
  • Abdillahi Saeed Abby, was a junior military officer who got trained at Royal Military Academy Sandhurst, mostly called Sandhurst. He was one of the officers staged the unsuccessful military coup on the night of December 9, 1961 in the major cities in the northern Somali Republic. He flew from Mogadishu, the capital of Somali Republic for this secret plan without the knowledge of his immediate family, and took control of the military base Birjeex, while the rest of officers were off to the Hargeisa Radio station. Later he was overpowered after trusted individuals sabotaged him and fled to Malko Durdure area where he got shot and injured. He became the only casualty of the coup.This group was led by Hassan Kayd and later the remaining members were pardoned by the parliament.
  • Mustafe Haji Nur was one of the pioneer Somali journalists and head of BBC Somali Services for a long time. As a political dissenter, he was involved in the first rebellion to the Mohamed Siyad Barre’s Regime and became the chairman of SODAF and later Somali Salvation Democratic Front
  • Abdillahi Mohamoud Hirsi aka Ashari was a senior Politician, ex-minster of Somali Government, and social activist. He aided in introducing the SOS Children’s Villages International to Somalia
  • Jirde Hussein, one of the wealthiest men in Somalia
  • Ahmed Mohamed Gulaid,[24]widely known as Ahmed Jimaleh, first chairman of the Somali National Movement.
  • Jirde Hussein, one of the wealthiest men in Somalia
  • Rageh Omaar, Al Jazeera TV correspondent
  • Rakiya Abdillahi Omaar: former head of African Watch and veteran human rights activist
  • Ali H. Muhumed Gulaid, also known as Ali Marshall,[25] was born in Hargeisa in 1945. Ali graduated from Sheikh Secondary School with accolades 1967. As a young man he got his first job with the Port Authority of Barbera as an accountant. Ali leased his own Chevrolet truck to the company that was building the road between Hargeisa and Barbera in the 1970s, the very road that later claimed his life. Ali left Somaliland with his mother for Saudi Arabia to fulfill his Hajj duty in 1973. He continued his journey to Abu Dubai where he worked in a construction company as an accountant. Ali left for the United States 1976.[26]
  • Ahmed Hassan Ibrahim was the very first person to own a dispensary in Somaliland. He was also the Vice Chairman of National United Front; a political party organized and sent missions to the UN and to the British Parliament protesting the transfer of Haud and Reserved Area in 1954[27]
  • Mohamud Issa Jama was born in Hargeisa in mid-1930s. He attended Burao Elementary School and Sheik Intermediate School in Somaliland. He sought a further education at Dueim Rural Science School in Sudan, Durham Agricultural School in U.K. from 1954 to 1956, West of Scotland Agricultural College, established in1891 and known now as Scottish Agricultural College, from 1956 to 1958, and Fama Community Development and Social Welfare in Ghana in 1959. Later he was sent to Copenhagen, Denmark for further studies. He joined the civil Service in 1958 as an Agriculture Instructor and later became the Director of Natural Resources in 1959 in the British Somaliland Administration. He was the Director of Agriculture from 1961 to 1964 in the newly independent Somali Republic. He resigned from that position to run as a Somali National Movement (not the armed movement that toppled Siad Barre’s Regime, but a political party) candidate for Hargeisa District in the general election. After winning the election, he joined the Somali Youth League and became the Minister of
    Agriculture. Mohamoud was the Chief Executive Officer and one of the founders and architects of Ceel
    Bardaaleh Project, a rural development initiative. It was the biggest civilian commercial endeavor and social entrepreneurship in Somali history up to this day. He was survived by six children and a grandchild. His late younger brother Abdillahi Essa Jama was the Director of Public Works Department and the first licensed Engineer in Somaliland[27]
  • Mohamoud Abdi Mastud and Jama Egeh were the Somali Chiefs in Qatar and United Arab Emirates respectively for a long time; representing all Somali Communities and attending their needs in these foreign soils. The former managed to secure residencies and employment close to 300 Ayala Ahmeds in the State of Qatar in conservative counts.
  • Ali Hassam Mohamud aka Ali Asad was a former mayor of Hargeisa City and a governor of Maroodijeex Province in Somaliland. He also served in different capacities in the Somaliland government and recently passed away in Djibouti of natural cause. He was honored with a national funeral and as a memorial a mosque is planned to name after him.
  • Adan Warsame Saeed, Bashe Abdi Yusuf, Mohamed H. Mohamoud Omer Hashi, and Mohamed Ali Ibrahim were among the members in the group known as UFO or Wind who started a self-help programs to improve the hospital and schools in Hargeisa in 1981:

The Barre government arrested them and sentenced many to death. The severity of the verdict provoked student riots in Hargeisa, which the government quashed with tanks. When the prisoners were suddenly released from solitary confinement in 1989, they had no idea of what had befallen their country. It was Barre himself who “briefed” the freed prisoners on the bombing of Hargeisa, the deaths of 50,000 civilians and the refugee camps — and then blamed them for all of it. One doctor related how he could not even comprehend what he heard until he met family who informed him of his father and brother’s deaths

References

  1. First Steps in East Africa, Richard Francis Burton, p.17
  2. Publication, issue 157, US Hydrographic Office, p.403
  3. Cambridge History of Africa: from c. 1790 to c. 1870, Fage, Flint, Oliver, p.57
  4. Mcmillan’s magazine, vol. 49
  5. Zaka Hanna Kour, The History of Aden,1839, p.72
  6. Hoyga Suugaanta
  7. Doollo Bogga Suugaanta
  8. First Footsteps in East Africa, Richard F. Burton, p. 171
  9. Cities of the Middle East and North Africa: Historical Encyclopedia,Michael Dumper & Bruce E. Stanley, p.91
  10. Abdi Gerash, Ayala Ahmed Nuh historian,U.K.
  11. Somali Poetry, Lewis & Adrzejewski, 1964, p.111-115
  12. Same as Reference # 11
  13. Same as Reference # 11
  14. Same as Reference # 11
  15. A Collection of Treaties, Engagements,& Sunnuds, India. Foreign & Political Dept., by C.U. Aitchison, 1876, p.181
  16. Same source as reference # 15 , p.181
  17. Same source as reference #15, p.320-323
  18. Same source as reference #8, p.91
  19. Complete Collections of the treaties and conventions by Great Britain, Lewis Hertslet,p.69-79
  20. Same source as reference #11, p.80
  21. Progressio UK Page #191
  22. Hoyga Suugaanta
  23. e
  24. Ahmed JIMALEH BRIEF BIO in pdf
  25. Ali Marshall Foundation
  26. Ali Marshall Foundation
  27. e
  28. Former Somali Cabinet Ministers (1960-1969)
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2 thoughts on “Piece of Berbera History: Reer Ahmed Nuh Ismail

  1. A RASHOD OSMAN CABDI MASDUD

    Hi There , I am genuinely thanking you for collecting this imperative historical information, according to me being rear Ahmed is wonderful ALHAMDULILAH ………..
    halka hoose ee page waxad ku qoray ragi reer ahmed ka caanka ka aha ma wax so qabtay ee la yaqanay waxan kuso gudbin laha rag reer ahmed ah oo reerka wax kuso kordhiyay isla markana aan ku jira liska raga waxa ka mid ah …

    1,,MOXAMUD ABDI MASDUD……….. oo aha shekhal somaalki QATAR isla marka wadanka qadar aad iyo aad loga yaaqano cawiyay dad badan oo rer ahmed ah marka odayasho ay ka sheekaynaya moxumed cabdi masdud waxay idhahda qiyaasti ila 300 oo nin oo ah rer ahmed ayu doha geyay oou waliba shaqadana qoray

    2,,MOHAMED OMAR ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,oo aha wasiir dhowr jeer kaso noqday dowlada somalya

    ALI ASAD ………WUXU AHA BADHASABKI MAGALADA HARGEISA …. MOYORKA HARGEISA
    WASIIR KU XIGEENKA WAXBARAHADA

    Like

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